Best Orthopaedic Doctors in Kolkata - AMRI Hospitals










Home / Speciality / Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement
Available Treatment Facilities

  •  Trauma Surgery
  • Joint and Spine Replacement
  • Reconstruction Procedures
  •  Arthroscopy
  •  Sports Medicine
  • Paediatric surgery
  • Deformity correction

Best Orthopaedic Doctors in Kolkata and Bhubaneswar

Offering world-class orthopedic care, AMRI Hospitals is renowned for its highly experienced and skilled joint replacement surgeons, and sport injury specialists who use state of the art technologies and advanced techniques to deliver reliable and high-quality treatment. Our orthopedic surgeons focus on providing comprehensive and effective solutions based on observation and precise diagnosis of common orthopedic problems. Our dedicated team of best orthopedics specialists usetheir observation, experience, knowledge and realistic approach for complex procedures. At AMRI, we take pride in the latest Arthroscopic, Reconstructive and Minimally invasive techniques for treating sports and joint injuries. Our specially designed physiotherapy units offer excellent rehabilitation and pain management facilities using modern & accessible equipment for speedy recovery.

Leading Edge Expertise

  • Advanced Trauma Care and support  Sports Injury Management
  • Joint Replacement – KNEE, HIP, SHOULDER
  •  Reconstruction surgery - Ligament
  •  Arthroscopy with ACL Reconstruction
  •  Geriatric Orthopaedics viz: Management of Arthritis
  •  Special clinic for Paediatric Surgeries viz: Deformity Correction
  • Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteo Arthritis & Juvenile Arthritis

Highlights

• High standard implants for improved motion and minimum wear process • Ensuring short hospital stay and quicker return to normal life • Excellent multi-disciplinary support of doctors

Diseases & Procedures
Diseases | Procedures
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Reset
H
Heel pain

Heel pain is a common foot problem. Pain usually occurs at the bottom of the heel (plantar fasciitis)  or just behind it (Achilles tendinitis). Sometimes it can affect the side of the heel also. Heel pain may make walking uncomfortable. 
Pain usually starts gradually, with no injury to the affected area. It is often triggered by wearing a flat shoe. Home care such as rest, ice, proper-fitting footwear and foot supports are often enough to bring relief. 


Causes
Causes of heel pain include:

  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Bone tumor
  • Bursitis (joint inflammation)
  • Haglund's deformity
  • Heel spur
  • Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
  • Paget's disease of bone
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
  • Sarcoidosis (collections of inflammatory cells in the body)
  • Stress fractures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome


Symptoms
Heel pain symptoms vary depending on the cause. Some symptoms are:

  • Pain
  • Pain after standing from a resting/sitting position.
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Bony growth on the heel


Risk Factors
The following factors enhances the chance to develop heel pain:

  • Anything that puts a lot of pressure and strain on one’s foot 
  • Obesity
  • Foot and ankle arthritis, flat feet or high foot arches.
  • Over straining one’s legs for sports or other exercise.
  • Spend a lot of time standing, especially on concrete floors.
  • Wear improperly fitted shoes without arch support and/or cushion.


Diagnosis
Mainly X ray is advised but in certain cases CT Scan or MRI.


Treatment
Most problems that cause heel pain get better over time with nonsurgical treatments. Therapies focus on easing pain and inflammation, improving foot flexibility and minimizing stress and strain on the heel. 
The  treatments include:
•    Injections: Steroid injections to lessen pain and swelling. 
•    Orthotic devices: Over-the-counter or custom-made shoe inserts (orthotics) can take pressure off the heel. The patient needs supportive shoes for everyday wear and exercise.
•    Pain relievers:  Along  with ice packs to  ease pain and swelling.
•    Physical therapy: Massage, physical therapy and ultrasound therapy can break up soft tissue adhesions. 
•    Stretching exercises: These kind of exercises might help 
•    Taping: Patient can  use athletic or medical tape to support the foot arch or heel.

Prevention
In order to prevent heel pain or keep pain from returning, it’s important to keep one’s foot and heel tendons flexible. One should stretch regularly and wear properly fitted, supportive shoes. Runners are especially prone to heel pain. 
 

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U
Ulnar wrist pain

Ulnar wrist pain is a common sign of many different injuries and medical conditions. Common signs and symptoms of ulnar wrist pain include pain on the pinkie-finger side of the wrist, clicking noise in the wrist associated with sharp pain with movement.
Ulnar wrist pain is pain on the side of your wrist opposite the thumb. This pain can vary, depending on the cause. It may worsen when you grip something or twist your wrist. Ulnar wrist pain can be hard to diagnose because it can be linked to many different types of injuries.

Cause
A common cause of ulnar wrist pain is a fall onto an outstretched hand. This can break bones in the wrist. Sports like tennis, golf, and football can sometimes bend the wrist back too far and this can damage tendons and ligaments. Carpenters and plumbers may develop ulnar wrist pain because they have to use tools in small spaces that require awkward positioning of the wrist.

Symptoms
Usually one feels an aching dull pain near the pinky side of the wrist or a sharp, short -lasting pain when moving the wrist in certain directions. Swelling and bruising may be present after an injury, and numbness and tingling in the fingers may signal a nerve problem.

Diagnosis
To diagnose the of ulnar wrist pain, physical examination including hand movement  into different positions is done. Imaging tests like CT and MRI scans also may be needed.

Treatment
Treatment for some types of ulnar wrist pain may include surgery. Minimally invasive techniques may be used to speed up the recovery.
 

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T
Tendinitis

Tendinitis is a condition of tendon inflammation after a tendon injury. Tendon is the thick fibrous cord that attach muscle to bone. Its symptoms include joint pain, stiffness, and difficulty to move a joint. Tendinitis can occur in any tendon, but it's most common around  the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels. Some tendinitis problems are: Tennis elbow, Golfer's elbow, Pitcher's shoulder and Swimmer's shoulder.
Most cases of tendinitis can be successfully managed with rest, physical therapy and medications. If it is severe and leads to the rupture of a tendon, surgery will be necessary.


Symptoms

  • Dull ache, which aggravates when moving the affected limb or joint
  • Tenderness
  • Mild swelling

Causes
•    Although tendinitis can be caused by a sudden injury, but often the condition occurs due to repetition of a particular movement over time. Most people develop tendinitis because their occupation or hobbies involve repetitive motions, which put stress on the tendons. Sports persons like Tennis players, painters, carpenters, machine operators develop this complication.

 

Complications

  • Without proper treatment, tendinitis can increase the risk of tendon rupture, a much more serious condition requiring surgery.
  • If tendon irritation persists for several weeks or months, a condition known as Tendinosis may develop. This involves degenerative changes in the tendon, along with abnormal new blood vessel growth.


Diagnosis
Usually it  is diagnosed by physical exam alone. But X-rays or other imaging tests may be required to rule out the possibility of other diseases.

 

Treatment
The goals of tendinitis treatment are to relieve your pain and reduce inflammation. Often self care of tendinitis is  adequate, like taking rest, ice compression and pain relievers.
Main options are

  • Medication including pain relievers, Cortico steroids, Platelet-rich Plasma(PRP)
  • Physical Therapy
  • Surgery and other procedures including dry needling, ultrasonic treatment and surgery.

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S
Soft Tissue injuries

Soft Tissue injuries 

Soft Tissue Injuries result from trauma occurred to muscles, tendons or ligaments. Commonly, sprains and other muscle damages take place during sports and physical activities. It may occur from a sudden fall or sharp twist also. Regardless of source soft tissue injuries can vary in severity from mild to moderate to severe level. 

Types

Soft tissue injuries are of following types:

  • Sprains of ankle or wrist  
  • Strains
  • Contusions
  • Tendonitis
  • Bursitis

Symptoms

Main symptoms of soft tissue injuries include:

  • Pain
  • Inflammation
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Tenderness
  • Inability to put weight on that injured joint

Treatment

Rest and Ice compression and elevation is good for healing in soft tissue injuries. Pain relieving medications and injections may help control inflammation and discomfort.    

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S
Shin splints

Shin Splints

Shin Splints is a painful condition that causes inflammation along the shinbone, muscles, tendons and tissues adjacent to tibia in the lower leg. It is a common health issue in athletes, runners and dancers.

Symptoms

The signs of Shin Splints include:

  • Pain along the large bone in the front of lower leg
  • Feeling of soreness and tenderness
  • Mild swelling of the lower leg
  • In initially pain stops in rest
  • But pain slowly aggravates to stress reaction

Cause

Shin Splints results from over exercise and continuous stress on shin bone and the tissues that attach muscles to this bone. Other conditions that help developing this disease include:

  • Flat feet
  • Using shoes that do not fit well
  • Weakness of ankle, hip or core muscles
  • Working without warm up or cool down stretches.
  • Intensifying or changing exercise schedule

 

 

 

Diagnosis

Usually, doctors diagnose Shin Splints by checking medical history of the patient and considering the existing signs and symptoms. However, to confirm this disease they might order imaging tests like X-ray or MRI.

Treatment

To treat Shin Splints doctors usually refer a combination of the following:

  • Rest: taking a break from regular physical activities like sports or dance.
  • Cold compress: Ice works will in reversing swelling and pain
  • Medication: pain relieving medicines effectively controls pain
  • Comfortable shoes: Introducing well fit shoes with shoe inserts
  • Physical Therapy: This helps the patient returning to normal life 

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L
Ligament Injuries

Ligament Injuries

Ligaments or the fibrous tissues are the key elements in human joints. It connects bones to cartilage and maintain bone to bone connections. Ligaments also keep the bones in alignments. Tear in ligaments is common in players. It may occur in common people too from a sudden fall or shock. 

Symptoms

Extreme pain immediately after the injury and inability to make movement of the affected body part are the main symptoms of a ligament tear. Sometimes a tearing is felt or a pop sound is heard by the person who gets it. Ankle, knee and wrist are the common locations where ligament injuries are common. Neck, back, and thumb are the other places where ligament injuries occur.

Causes       

Extreme movements that move out the joint in an unusual position causes a ligament tear. Athletes often have ligament tears as their joints becomes exposed to injuries and falls. People who carry heavy weight, or get injured in an accident or experience a fall while a joint gets bent or moved in an extreme position face this condition.  

Diagnosis

To detect a ligament injury a doctor first conducts a physical examination backed by a medical history search. By feeling the location the extent of injury is assessed. X-ray and MRI are the common tests which are usually prescribed to determine if it is a partial injury or a complete ligament tear.

Treatment  

Ligament tear makes the joint unstable. To recover such an injury the following methods are prescribed:

  • Rest: complete rest and break from activities that may stress the joint is the one of the best solution to tackle this.
  • Ice: using ice pack helps relieving pain and swelling also.
  • Compression: Wrapping the affected joint helps managing swelling. Sometimes it also works well in controlling pain.
  • Elevation: Lifting the injured body part controls swelling and helps recovering the injury.   

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O
Osgood Schlatter disease

Osgood Schlatterorosteochondrosisis a knee pain common in growing children. This disease develops a lump just below the knee, at the point where the kneecap joins the shinbone.  Usually, this occurs during the growth spurts of teenage. Children who regularly practice sport activities like jumping, running and playing volleyball, basketballor football are more likely to have this condition.

Symptoms
Symptoms of Osgood Schlatter include: 

  • Knee and leg pain 
  • Swelling and tenderness 
  • Increased warmth around the area of pain
  • Pain aggravates with exercise and physical activities

Cause 
The cause of getting Osgood Schlatter is related with the growth of the muscles, bones and tendons in growing children. This growth and shift put stress and causes the pain. 

Diagnosis 
Doctors diagnose Osgood Schlatter by physically checking the patient and asking the symptoms. If needed imaging tests such as X-ray and MRI are common to order. Blood tests are often prescribed to rule out rheumatic conditions. 

Treatment
To treatOsgood Schlatter, taking rest, elevation, applying ice and compressing by wrapping the knee are the best solutions. Massaging and taking over the counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may relieve the pain.   

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K
Kyphosis

Kyphosis

Kyphosis is a spinal condition. In people with kyphosis, the spine curves outward more than it should. It can make people look looked hunched or slouching. It can occur at any age but is most common in older women. Age-related kyphosis is often due to Osteoporosis. Some patients experience back pain and stiffness. Excessive curvature can affect posture and make standing difficult. Others may have no symptoms except an exaggerated forward rounding of the back. Treatment may include medication for pain, physiotherapy and sometimes surgery.

Types of kyphosis

The three most common types are postural kyphosis, Scheuermann’s kyphosis and congenital kyphosis.

Causes

Causes depend on the types of Kyphosis.

  • Postural: Poor posture, leaning back in chairs, carrying heavy bags.
  • Scheuermann’s: Problem in the spine’s structure.
  • Congenital: Problem that developed in the spine before birth.

Other causes include -

  • Age, since the spine starts to curve with ageing
  • Spinal injury.

Symptoms

The main symptom is having rounded shoulders or a hump in the upper back.

In more severe curve symptoms include:

  • Pain and stiffness in the back and shoulder blades.
  • Numb, weak tingling legs.
  • Getting exhausted easily.
  • Shortness of breath or breathing trouble due to the spine pressing against the airways.
  • Difficult to keep the balance
  • Loss of urinary or bowel control

Diagnosis

  • Physical exam by the doctor
  • X-rays or CT scans to determine the degree of curvature and deformities of the vertebrae.  
  • MRI to detect infection or a tumor in the spine.
  • Nerve tests if the patient  has numbness or muscle weakness
  • Bone density tests

Treatment

  • Medications
  • Therapies
  • Wearing of brace
  • Surgery in severe cases

Prevention

Postural kyphosis can be prevented to some extent by being aware of the posture and taking care of the back. Like sitting upright, avoid carrying heavy school bag or other loads on the back, avoiding slouching and doing regular exercises that strengthen the back.

 

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B
Benign Bone Tumor

Benign Bone Tumor
Benign bone tumors are non-cancerous tumors that develop in a bone. Some of these benign tumors can cause growing pain and destroy bone. Treatment is the only way out to stop this condition. But often it may not require any treatment at all as it has no impact on patient. These types of harmless benign tumors usually grow on skull or the area around paranasal bones.  Usually benign bone tumors occur within the age of 20 to 30 years.  
 

Types        
Different types of benign bone tumors are there. The most common ones include:

  • Osteochondromas
  • Enchondroma
  • Nonossifying Fibroma Unicameral     
  • Fybroas displasya
  • Giant Cell Tumors    
  • Aneurysmal bone cyst

Symptoms 
Symptoms of benign tumors are: 

  • Pain and swelling 
  • Visible growth 
  • Night sweats in some cases  
  • Fever in some cases 


Cause 
The causes that develop bone tumors are not known. Usually it is related to heredity or injuries. 
Sometimes, radiation treatment and anti-cancer drugs may cause bone tumors. 

Diagnosis

To diagnose bone tumor doctors may order a few lab tests such as blood and urine examinations. Usually, imaging tests like X-ray, CT scan, and MRI are also prescribed. To rule out malignancy, biopsies are often prescribed.   

Treatment
Often treatment is not required in case of benign bone tumors. But in case the doctors think it may turn to be malignant or may cause a fracture they might conduct a surgery to remove the tumor.   
 

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AMRI Hospital Bhubaneswar | Mr. Akash Muduli | Experience The Cure

Mr. Akash Muduli
Bhubaneswar

Mrs. Manasi Maitra required a total hip replacement surgery and was treated successfully under the supervision of Dr. Tanmoy Karmakar, AMRI Hospitals, Salt Lake. She is recovering well and can walk with the walker's support. Watch this video to know more about her experience.

Manasi Maitra
Saltlake
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