Colorectal cancer is a cancer that affects the colon or rectum. The two cancers are often grouped together considering the common features that they share.
Carcinoid tumor cells may develop in the lungs or gastrointestinal tract and sometimes in both simultaneously. This cancer develops in nerve cells called neuroendocrine cells which help regulate the hormone production.
Gastrointestinal stromal cancer is formed in the cells present in the wall of colon call interstitial called Cajal. Some cancers are benign while others can be cancerous.
Lymphoma cancer affects the cell of immune system. Starting in the lymph node, they can affect other organs like rectum, colon, etc.
These symptoms can also indicate other possible conditions. Therefore, it is important to consult a doctor if the symptoms continue for 4 or more weeks.
Identifying cancer takes a lot of patience and time as doctors use many tests to detect and locate the area affected by cancer.
The process of diagnosing colon cancer includes:
With the growing technology advancements, the best oncology hospitals in Kolkata like AMRI Hospital focus on identifying the key lifestyle factors that may affect a person’s risk of colorectal cancer. Majority of their research is aimed at identifying factors like genes or proteins associated with higher risks. Individuals comprising of such biomarkers or a family history of colon cancer would require more intensive and frequent screening.
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