Dengue fever, commonly known as ‘Breakbone fever’ is a vector-borne disease, transmitted through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. It is important to understand that this infection cannot be spread from person-to-person. Dengue is a tropical disease that originates from four different viruses.
Depending upon the infection, a person may experience some mild fever for a few days, along with common flu-like symptoms. However, the concern rises when dengue fever changes its course, showing atypical signs leading to potentially fatal conditions, such as shock syndrome or haemorrhagic fever.
According to experts, if you are returning from a region where the disease is prevalent, then consult your doctor immediately and get yourself checked even before the symptoms begin to show. Earlier, the risk of vector-borne diseases was prevalent during a few seasons but now such illnesses thrive throughout the year due to fluctuating weather conditions. In such a scenario, it is essential to learn about the right measures and take preventive steps to check mosquito breeding.
Read on to know more about Dengue fever, its symptoms, prevention, and treatment.
Unlike other viral infections, dengue fever has different symptoms, depending on the stage. Initially, a person might get high fever within 4-7 days of being bitten by an infected mosquito, says Infectious Diseases specialist at AMRI Hospitals.
Some common symptoms that come along with Dengue fever are:
Usually, a person may suffer from fever for 3-4 days, along with some mild symptoms. In children, skin rashes come as the prominent sign indicating dengue, whereas other symptoms may remain controlled.
In rare cases, dengue fever changes into a life-threatening illness. A person may undergo unusual symptoms, such as bleeding of the nose, gums, or under the skin (due to damaged blood vessels), which develop into Dengue Haemorrhagic fever. In such situations, immediate hospitalization is required as it can be fatal.
‘An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure’, goes the old saying. There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. One needs to opt for different ways to protect themselves from mosquito-borne diseases, which include:
For treating ‘dengue fever’ the patient requires precise medical care. You cannot treat dengue fever with antiviral or antibacterial medications, without consulting your physician. As there is no specific cure for dengue, a qualified doctor can only advise on the right treatment methods, observing the severity of symptoms and infection. However, some effective methods to treat mild symptoms can be:
In India, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has marked 16th May as National Dengue Day to create awareness about dengue. Every year, thousands of people get infected, especially during and after the monsoon, when breeding of Aedes mosquitoes rise exponentially, especially in congested areas. This year, it becomes even more significant with the country already battling Coronavirus.
The initial symptoms of both COVID-19 and dengue are quite similar, including high fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and body ache. In these challenging times, people need to be well aware of both the diseases and they need to understand the importance of a right diagnosis, suggested by doctors and seek the right treatment at the right time.
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